Potential Study of Using Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Power Supply of Tourism Camp in Mongolia

Main Article Content

Nomuulin Batjargal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4098-2892
Sergelen Byambaa https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4931-4193
Turbat Tumurchudur

Keywords

Sustainable tourism, Hybrid renewable energy system, Optimal size, Techno-economic analysis, HOMER Pro software

Abstract

Due to the increase in the number of tourists coming from abroad, tourism camps have become interested in offering distinctive experiences, such as being close to nature and eco-friendly. Therefore, utilizing a hybrid renewable energy system for power supply becomes an attractive, nature-friendly, and reliable option for users located in remote areas disconnected from the central network. This article evaluates the electricity demand and associated costs for tourist camps using three different types of hybrid systems consisting of solar photovoltaic systems, wind turbines, diesel generators, battery storage, and converters. PV/wind systems will cost twice as much as PV/wind/battery systems. Additionally, they are not environmentally suitable due to the large number of batteries. PV/wind/battery systems, comprising a 3 kW capacity PV, a 5 kW capacity wind turbine, and batteries, could offer greater flexibility for tourist camps. This system is estimated to generate 19,303 kWh/year of electricity while not emitting greenhouse gases, despite being more expensive than a PV/wind/diesel hybrid system. The HOMER Pro software is used in this paper for optimization and techno-economic analysis.

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